April – May Garden Calendar

These months are a very busy time for the gardener, with lots of maintenance, sowing, and planting activities.

APRIL

April 1 – Sharpen Tools.
Set mower for a higher cut during spring months so grass grows in fuller.

April 2 – Rake front, back, side lawns.
Start adding organic yard waste to your compost container on a regular basis.

April 3 – Remove garden debris, like broken pavers, pots, wooden sticks.

April 4 – Tour gardens and identify problems.
Develop a revitalization strategy to address desired color scheme.

April 5 – Remember to turn compost frequently.

April 6 – Start spot treating lawns to remove perennial weeds.

April 8 – Mow lawn if required.

April 9 – Fertilize existing plantings of developing bulbs and perennials.
Do not fertilize lawns just yet.
Early lawn fertilization leads to a less developed root system.

April 10- Identify and prepare areas where summer beddings will be planted in late May.

April 11- Dogwoods and Willows, which have great colorful winter stems, should be cut
back down to a stubby base, about 30cm (12in) from the ground.

April 12- Revitalize your rock garden.
Clear away dead or overgrown plants.
Add small and medium-sized stones to increase garden interest.

April 13- Place plant support frames over tall perennials so new stems will hide supports.

April 14- Add mirrors to your garden.
Placed strategically, mirrors can enlarge the garden or reflect a beautiful view.

April 15- Control climbing plants by cutting them away from doors and windows.

April 16- In a warm, interior space, start sowing tomato plants, peppers, celery, eggplants.
Water regularly and feed weekly.

April 18- Buy bulbs, like begonias, to grow in pots for extra summer flower color.
Depending on exterior temperatures, you may need to start plants indoors.

April 20- Plant hanging baskets with tender perennials.
Hang baskets indoors or in the greenhouse to develop.

April 23- As soon as trees, shrubs, roses, and hedges show new growth, sprinkle general fertilizer (15-5-10) over soil.

April 24- Repaint birdfeeders and add seeds.

April 25- Check water fountain and execute repairs.

April 26- Spread a thick layer of compost as a mulch around established shrubs and along the base of hedges to help conserve moisture in the soil and keep down weeds.

April 29- Apply a high-nitrogen fertilizer (27-3-3) to recently mowed lawn.
Shorter grass blades allow the fertilizer granules to move into the soil more efficiently.

April 30- Take garden photos to see what isn’t working.
Rework garden accordingly, vary shapes and textures.

MAY

May 1- Fill in bare lawn spots by sowing good quality lawn seed.

May 2- Keep newly sown patches moist by covering with light mulch of lawn clippings.

May 3- Eliminate weeds by hand pulling.

May 4- Plant spring flowering shrubs like rhododendrons and camellias.
Newly planted shrubs should be watered deeply every week until fall rains begin.

May 7- Take steps to control slugs and snails before they reproduce.

May 8- Keep compost pile damp and turn frequently.

May 9- Remove any sucker growths from fruit trees as soon as they appear.

May 11- Watch Rose bushes for pests, like Aphids and Black Spot disease.

May 14- If you have pines and other conifers in your garden, pinch off new growth
‘candles’ to keep trees more compact.

May 16- Prune Lilacs lightly once they finish blooming.
Remove sucker growths and dead blooms.
Feed Lilacs with good all purpose (10-10-10) fertilizer after they finished blooming.

May 17- Plant items in rock garden and along walkways.

May 18- Water established trees and shrubs deeply and infrequently to better withstand
summer heat.

May 21- Feed Roses after their first bloom, then repeat feeding every 4-6 weeks.

May 23- Plant or seed carrots, lettuce, potatoes, corn, beans, peas.

May 24- Plant summering flower bulbs, like Gladiolas, Lilies, Cannas.
Plant Gladiola bulbs at 2 week increments until early July to provide cut flowers
until late fall.

May 25- Break off wilting heads of Tulips or Daffodils.
Continue to feed and care for plants until foliage has died back naturally.

May 28- Old Daffodil plantings may be divided and moved when they have finished blooming.
Use care to protect foliage and roots.
Water thoroughly after transplanting.

May 29- Do not dig or move other spring flowering bulbs until their foliage has died back.

May 30- Plant warmer weather crops like tomatoes, squash, cucumber, pumpkins, peppers.
Use a higher phosphorous fertilizer (10-60-10) for better fruit and vegetable harvest.

May 31- Strategically place lights and sculptures to enhance your garden.

Written by Canadian Home Trends

Canadian Home Trends

Canadian Home Trends magazine gives you a personal tour of the most stunning homes and condos across Canada. You’ll be inspired by a selection of accessible home décor products, trend reports, simple yet stylish DIY projects, and much more. In each issue, you are given the tools to recreate designer spaces you’ve always dreamt of having at home, in-depth renovation and design advice, colour palette and furniture pairings, and Canada’s best places to shop.

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